"Advancing transformative change for the well-being of Métis children, youth and families"

Metis History

Congress of Aboriginal Peoples – Declaration of Rights

Outlining the call for an acknowledgement of Rights, this document provides information on The Declaration of Métis and Indian Rights of 1979. The website provides overviews on numerous key issues concerning the Rights of Aboriginal People including: Right to Self-Determination, All Native people must be included processes surrounding changes to the Constitution of Canada, Right to Guaranteed Representation, Right to the Land, Right to Cultural Preservation, and Right to Educate Our Children.

Heritage and Legacy of the Métis People

This link calls attention to many of the legacies Métis people have had in influencing the cultural and historical identity of Canada. The paper also itemizes the efforts of Métis during various overseas military expeditions.


Historial Maps

This page provides a number of links to various historical maps which relate to the history of the Metis people in Canada.


History of the Canadian Métis

This document offers an overview of the history of the Métis people in Canada. It addresses issues surrounding identity and origin, a historic perspective on the Métis movement, as well as examining the displacement of the Métis and a growing diaspora in Western Canada.

Hudson Bay Company Trading System

This document provides a background to the Hudson Bay Fur Trade in relation to the formation and development of the Métis culture. The document further examines the importance of the First Nations people to the survival of the fur traders, as well as the fostering of the birth of the Métis people.

Kelly Lake, British Columbia Métis

This document discusses the formation of the Métis identity in North Eastern British Columbia. The paper examines the development of the Kelly Lake Métis settlement, as well as the history surrounding the fur trade in the region.

Métis Bison Hunting

This document discusses the importance and prevalence of bison hunting as a traditional Métis activity. It progresses to examine the role of bison hunting as related to the “migration” of Métis communities. In addition the document provides an overview of the importance of the bison hunt in early Métis cultural development in terms of traditions and the role of community.

Métis Communities in Western Canada

This article discusses a diverse group of Métis communities in Western Canada. Many of the communities, which exist in Western Canada have been founded by the Métis. These communities are very diverse in terms of economic development and cultural orientation, which is a testament to the diversity of Métis experience. The location, history, habitat, trading systems, transportation methods, food, religion, clothing, education and social life of these Métis communities is also discussed.

Métis Fur Trade Employees, Free Traders, Guides and Scouts

This article provides the reader with an overview of many of the traditional occupations of Métis men in the nineteenth century.

Métis History and Experience and Residential Schools in Canada

This extensive document provides an examination of the experiences of Métis people during the Residential School era of Canadian history.

Métis Homeland: Its Settlements and Communities

Examining the Right to the Land as well as Harvesting Rights, this paper provides an overview of Métis settlements in Western Canada.

Métis Trappers and Hide Working

This article discusses how the Métis have always been adept trappers and how in the past, the Métis had been more reliant on trapping than currently.

Red River Cart

Discussions on the enduring Métis symbol of the Red River Cart are presented within this document. The paper examines the importance and significance of the Red River Cart in the early history of the Métis people.

Traditional Métis Housing and Shelter

Various Métis housing structures from tipis and wigwams, winter houses, sod houses, Road Allowance houses to modern houses are presented in this article. The various materials used to build these types of houses are also discussed.

Traditional Métis Transportation

This resource provides information about various forms of transportation developed and used by the Métis. These were used both on land and water and included canoes, Red River carts, York boats, snowshoes, dogs, and horses.

Who is Louis Riel?

This link accesses a children's book about Louis Riel.  It provides a brief bit of history as told by a mother to her children on who Louis Riel is and why he is important to the Metis.


Women of the Métis Nation

This resource examines the importance of Métis women within their society. It also examines the role of Métis women in the revitalization of Métis culture.

Featured Resources

Proud to be Metis!: The Cultural Booklet we send to families is now available online!

MCCF Cultural Information Package: A collection of Metis cultural resources and information to support service delivery and planning for Metis children, youth and families.

MCCF Quality Assurance Framework: Continuous Quality Improvement for Métis Children and Family Services in British Columbia, March 2011

MCCF 2011 Provincial Catalogue:
A catalogue to provide immediate contact information about available services to assist the Métis communities, Métis families, Ministry and non-Ministry front line workers in supporting Metis people.