"Advancing transformative change for the well-being of Métis children, youth and families"

Metis Society and Social Structures

Métis Communities in Western Canada

This article discusses a diverse group of Métis communities in Western Canada. Many of the communities, which exist in Western Canada have been founded by the Métis. These communities are very diverse in terms of economic development and cultural orientation, which is a testament to the diversity of Métis experience. The location, history, habitat, trading systems, transportation methods, food, religion, clothing, education and social life of these Métis communities is also discussed.


Métis Educational Life

Providing an introduction to traditional Métis Educational Life, this document examines the structure of traditional Métis education. This paper also delves into the role of education as related to the fur trade, as well as examining the residential school system in relation to Métis children.


Métis Family Life

An examination of the importance and structure of Métis Family Life is presented within this document. It provides detailed information on kinship ties, family structures, traditional Métis weddings as well as various other important aspects of Métis culture.


Métis Homeland: Its Settlements and Communities

Examining the Right to the Land as well as Harvesting Rights, this paper provides an overview of Métis settlements in Western Canada.


Métis Socialization and Entertainment

Providing an overview of traditional activities including dance, fiddling, games and sports, this document highlights various integral components of Métis culture and tradition.


Métis Trappers and Hide Working

This article discusses how the Métis have always been adept trappers and how in the past, the Métis had been more reliant on trapping than currently.


Red River Cart

Discussions on the enduring Métis symbol of the Red River Cart are presented within this document. The paper examines the importance and significance of the Red River Cart in the early history of the Métis people.


Traditional Métis Housing and Shelter

Various Métis housing structures from tipis and wigwams, winter houses, sod houses, Road Allowance houses to modern houses are presented in this article. The various materials used to build these types of houses are also discussed.


Traditional Métis Transportation

This resource provides information about various forms of transportation developed and used by the Métis. These were used both on land and water and included canoes, Red River carts, York boats, snowshoes, dogs, and horses.


Women of the Métis Nation

This resource examines the importance of Métis women within their society. It also examines the role of Métis women in the revitalization of Métis culture. 

Featured Resources

Proud to be Metis!: The Cultural Booklet we send to families is now available online!

MCCF Cultural Information Package: A collection of Metis cultural resources and information to support service delivery and planning for Metis children, youth and families.

MCCF Quality Assurance Framework: Continuous Quality Improvement for Métis Children and Family Services in British Columbia, March 2011

MCCF 2011 Provincial Catalogue:
A catalogue to provide immediate contact information about available services to assist the Métis communities, Métis families, Ministry and non-Ministry front line workers in supporting Metis people.